What is hysteresis loss?
If the magnetic field applied to a magnetic material is increased and then decreased back to its original value, the magnetic field inside the material does not return to its original value. The internal field 'lags' behind the external field. This behaviour results in a loss of energy, called the hysteresis loss, when a sample is repeatedly magnetized and demagnetized. The materials used in transformer cores and electromagnets are chosen to have a low hysteresis loss. Similar behaviour is seen in some materials when varying electric fields are applied (electric hysteresis). Elastic hysteresis occurs when a varying force repeatedly deforms an elastic material. The deformation produced does not completely disappear when the force is removed, and this results in energy loss on repeated deformations.